Cultivating saffron

Cultivating saffron

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Advice onhow to grow saffron in the gardenor in pots. Yield, suitable soil and factors to consider forcultivation of saffron.

The saffron it is a very precious spice, it lends itself as a seasoning in various culinary preparations, from risottos to desserts. Only downside is the price.

Saffron, cost

Thepriceof thesaffronis very high: we speak of acostwhich varies between 8 and 14 euros per gram of finished product. To get an idea of ​​thecost of saffronwe invite you to visit the Amazon page dedicated to this cooking ingredient. For all the info visit:This Page.

L'high cost of saffronit is justified by the low yield and by the patience and effort during thecollected.

Theresaffron harvestlasts on average 15-20 days. Given the high cost and goodness of this ingredient, why not then cultivate saffron in your own garden?

Saffron, plant

The saffron is made from the flower known as Crocus Sativus of the Iridaceae family: inside its corolla there are three bright red-orange filaments that contain a substance called crocin from which the saffron.

Thesaffronis a small plant 20-25 cm tall. Therefloweringoccurs between the months of October and November. This is an autumn flowering bulb!

The flowers are very pretty, so is itsaffronyou cancultivateeven for ornamental purposes! The flowers are composed of petals ranging from a light lilac to a deeper purple. The petals are always open.

How to grow saffron

Saffron can be grown in the garden, in the vegetable garden or on the balcony, in fact it is also possible cultivation of saffron in pots. Here are all the necessary information in the cultivation of saffron in pots or in the garden.

Land suitable for growing saffron

The first thing to consider before proceeding in cultivation of saffron it is the type of soil: it must be slightly stony and must be permeable, to better facilitate water drainage.

The substrate must be loose, not very calcareous, with an alkaline pH between 7 and 8. Avoid growing saffron if the soil in your garden is heavy otherwise you will cause the bulbs to rot.

In poor, not very fertile and sandy soils, the plant produces small flowers, with short stigmas and therefore thesurrenderit will be very scarce.

Another important aspect is fertilization, better opt for natural manure, possibly seasoned, to be buried with a deep dig before planting the bulbs.

When to grow saffron

The best time to plant the bulbs is the end of July, let's not forget that it is a plant native to the Far East where temperatures are usually quite high.

The bulbs can be damaged with the first autumn frosts. Consider that the plant suffers at 0 degrees and dies when temperatures drop to -5. In the north of Italy, due to the colder temperatures, those who grow saffron will have a poorer product both in terms of quantity and quality.

How to plant saffron

The bulbs should be buried in deep holes, at least ten centimeters deep, spacing them about 12 centimeters from each other along a previously prepared groove. They should then be watered regularly, paying close attention to stagnant water. Between the rows you should keep a distance of 20 cm.

Incultivation of saffron for incomeyou get toplantfrom 40 to 60 bulbs for each square meter of land. The plant should be planted in full sun.

Saffron harvest

For the maturation of the bulbs it takes at least 3 months: the first flowers (pistils) can be harvested at the end of October and then proceed to the processing of the saffron.

Each bulb ofsaffronproduces 2 - 3 flowers, the stamens are taken from each flower as they mature. Therecollectionlasts 15 - 20 days, for the whole time of flowering (from mid October to mid November).

Throughout the period ofcultivation of saffron, it will be important to remove the weeds.

How to dry saffron

As we have seen, cultivate saffron does not require specific knowledge; more cumbersome, however, is the extraction of saffron from the flower,this practice, in fact, requires a lot of care, experience and time.

    1. The flowers must be detached from the stem very gently, preferably early in the morning.
    2. Once harvested, you will have to proceed with the skimming operation, that is the extraction of the characteristic red fillets from the glass.
    3. After this operation, the fillets are then placed inside a sieve and dried on a moderate heat source.
    4. At the end of drying we can opt for two solutions: grind the pistils or leave them whole.

In any case, after drying, it saffron it is ready to be stored or to be used in the kitchen.

Video: Planting Saffron Crocus (May 2022).


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